Instant Payday Loan Lender Instant Payday Loan Lender

What Factors Affect Germination?

October 20th, 2012

Germination: When a seed or spore begins to grow and put out shoots after a period of dormancy.

Seeds need to be stored in environmentally controlled conditions in order to ensure optimum germination and prolong their lives. When exposed to elements such as heat and moisture, the life of seeds can be gravely compromised. Have you ever noticed how seeds are stored at big box stores? Many times, they’re placed in the hot sun or near plants that get misted. The paper packets that these seeds are stored in do not protect them from these elements.

That’s why we store our seeds in environmentally controlled conditions up to the point of shipping. Before being shipped, seeds are packaged in re-sealable Mylar® bags which provide great seed protection, as well as the opportunity to plant now or later. And, if you are a seed saver, you can re-use your Mylar® bags to save seeds from the plants you grow. We pamper our seeds so much that we even play classical music to them in our storage facility.

While we do our part to ensure some of the highest germination rates around, there are other factors to consider for successful germination.

Soil Conditions That Affect Germination:

*Moisture. To trigger germination, adequate soil moisture is critical. Ensure the soil is moist, but never wet before planting. Also, remember to practice continuous watering throughout the germination period.

*Temperature: While most seeds will germinate in the spring (seeds prefer rising temperatures), some seeds perform better when planted in other seasons. Check which season or temperature works best for your seed prior to sowing.

*Consistency: While seeds can germinate in many different types of soils and surfaces, the best soil for germination is not rich. Salts and acids in rich soil can actually delay or stop germination, as many seeds prefer thin, sandy soil. Purchasing a Germination Mix from a reputable nursery or creating your own is your best bet.

Other Conditions To Consider:

*Storing seeds properly. Once purchased, keep seeds stored in a dry and cool place, such as in an airtight container in your refrigerator. Also, keep seed varieties separated from each other in clearly labeled packets. If stored in the right conditions, seeds will remain viable for years.

*Light exposure.  Providing seed with the correct light exposure is as important as providing the correct soil conditions. Always check the seed packet instructions for the sunlight requirements. Some seed prefers the dark during the germination period, while others require sunlight. If the seed requires light, place the seed at the top of the soil’s surface. If the plant prefers the dark, plant the seed beneath the soil (and check the seed packet for recommended depth).

*Proper labeling.  Label all of your seeds in the garden, as well as the date you planted them. While time consuming, this technique is key for determining proper germination rates. While some rely on good memory or keeping seedlings separated – many gardeners find that something always puts a wrench in the system. Labeling is the best practice for knowing when anticipated germination ought to begin, or when a seed can be transplanted outdoors.

Furthermore, keep a record book to note the date you planted, the time it took to germinate, whether you started your seed too early or late, and whether you grew too few or too many. Even better… record if everything was just right!

What are your tips for ensuring successful germination?

Be Sociable, Share!

7 Reasons Seeds Fail To Grow

August 16th, 2012

Enjoying a bounty of freshly harvested veggies, fruits and herbs is perhaps the best part of growing your own garden. To get there, gardeners must master the early stages of sowing and germinating seeds. While necessary, this process can leave many of us wondering: why do some seeds have all the luck, while others fail to grow?

Fortunately, luck is a very small part of ensuring seeds are able to germinate successfully. Rather, proper planning and a watchful eye can allow your seeds a great chance of developing into a beautiful and delicious garden to enjoy all year round.

Read further to discover the possible reasons seeds fail to germinate:

Reason 1: Seeds are planted too deeply. This is the number one reason seeds fail to germinate and grow properly early on. As a rule of thumb, plant a seed no deeper than 3 times the diameter of the seed. Also, always follow the package instructions for specific planting times, depth, spacing and location recommendations.

Reason 2:  The soil is not prepared well. Adding organic matter such as mulch or compost a few weeks before sowing or planting is paramount to ensuring success in your garden. Organic matter provides microorganisms, rejuvenating the soil and increasing the likelihood of successful germination. Once you sow the seeds indoors or outdoors, gently press the soil so that the seeds can come in full contact with the soil.

Reason 3: The soil is either too hot or too cold. Many gardeners get very anxious to get their gardens started early.  But if the soil is too hot or too cold, seeds may fail to germinate and grow properly. Many seeds are unable to germinate if the soil reaches a temperature over 85 degrees F. Likewise, soil that is too cold can also impede germination (especially for warm season crops like corn, squash and beans). Instead, start your garden indoors, or hold off on sowing until the soil reaches a comfortable temperature for your seeds.

Reason 4: Overwatering the soil. It’s easy to get carried away, but keep in mind that the soil should be moist – never continuously wet. Furthermore, try to keep the water at around room temperature, and never too hot or too cold.

Reason 5: Birds and squirrels have taken the seed. While not as likely, birds and squirrels do tend to enjoy larger seeds like corn and beans, and often times fail to leave any trace of their sneaky ways. If you suspect an animal has taken the seeds, replant the seeds and place netting around the garden.

Reason 6: The seed quality is poor. Purchasing packaged seeds from a warehouse or store could result in exposure to rain, extreme temperatures, wind, or other weather conditions that damage the vitality of a seed. At Humble Seed, our themed, bundled packaged are placed in FDA food-safe containers, along with our re-sealable Mylar® bags; keeping seeds fresh when they are delivered to your doorstep, as well as in between plantings.

Reason 7: There was a problem transplanting a seedling outdoors. To get a jump on the growing season, seed starting is a great way to grow seeds in a controlled environment. When ready, there are a variety of vegetables that tolerate root transferring well. These include (but are not limited to): broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, celery, eggplant, leeks, onions, parsley, potatoes and peppers. However, many find that root vegetables are challenging to transfer, and are best started outdoors.

It’s essential to time transplanting properly.  Calm, cloudy days (or an area with shade) can stifle the shock of exposure to a new environment. Likewise, transplanting in the late afternoon is helpful for plants to avoid direct sun exposure for a long duration on the initial transplant day. When plants are transplanted in poor weather, or are exposed to too much direct sunlight early on – they can become damaged or die.  However, if you transplanted the seedling properly but still notice some wilting or drooping – hang on tight for a few more days. Plants tend to recover quickly when given the right TLC.

 

Sources:

http://www.gardeningbythemoon.com/chart.html

http://www.usna.usda.gov/Hardzone/ushzmap.html

Be Sociable, Share!

A Glimpse Into Off the Rack, Tortured Seeds

August 11th, 2010

 

Did you know that seeds can be tortured? It’s true. Humble little seeds are living things that are dormant until placed in the right conditions. When exposed to elements such as heat and moisture, the life of seeds can be gravely compromised. Have you ever noticed how seeds are stored at big box stores? Many times, they’re placed in the hot sun or near plants that get misted. The paper packets that these seeds are stored in do not protect them from these elements.

Seeds need to be stored in environmentally controlled conditions in order to ensure optimum germination and prolong their lives. That’s why we store our seeds in environmentally controlled conditions up to the point of shipping. Before being shipped, seeds are packaged in re-sealable Mylar® bags which provide great seed protection, as well as the opportunity to plant now or later. And, if you are a seed saver, you can re-use your Mylar® bags to save seeds from the plants you grow. We pamper our seeds so much that we even play classical music to them in our storage facility.

Once purchased, keep seeds stored in a dry and cool place, such as in an airtight container in your refrigerator. Also, keep seed varieties separated from each other in clearly labeled packets. If stored in the right conditions, seeds will remain viable for years.

While it may be fun to shop off the rack for new clothes, you should never shop off the rack for seeds.  They’re too valuable a resource to torture by storing them in the wrong conditions.

Be Sociable, Share!