With temperatures steadily rising, and many cities experiencing one of the worst heat waves in decades, it’s hard to imagine that fall is just a few short months away. If you’re already dreaming of chilly temps and a gorgeous fall harvest, you may want to consider planting now, or in the near future. There are a variety of plants that are adapted to grow well in warm soil, when temperatures increasingly get cooler. Choosing fast maturing plants will also ensure that your bounty can be harvested before the fall frosts become an issue.
What to Plant in the Summer
First, check out the average frost date in your city or town. Places with early starting frosts may not be able to plant their heart’s desire, or perhaps should start planting earlier in the summer time to prevent frost damage. Below is a general guide to what to plant and when:
July: lima beans, eggplant, okra, southern peas, peppers, and tomatoes.
August (these plants have a 60-80 day maturity cycle): snap beans, pole beans, corn, cucumbers, southern peas, peppers, pumpkin, squash, broccoli, cauliflower, collards, onions, and turnips.
September (these plants mature quickly): beets, cabbage, carrots, endive, escarole, mustard, onions and radish.
Protecting Plants From Mr. Freeze
Plants can grow successfully in the late summer and early fall. Yet, when those chilly temps begin to drop, frost damage can wreak havoc on vulnerable plants. Most plant damage can be prevented (see our guide to preventing frost damage), but do keep in mind that hardier plants are better adapted to withstand cooler climates. Knowing the frost date in your area can help prepare your garden, and sticking to plants with cold hardiness can better ensure a successful crop.
These hardy plants can withstand a fair amount of frost and continue to grow relatively unharmed: broccoli, brussel sprouts, cabbage, collards, kale, mustard greens, onion, parsley, peas, radish and turnips. Avoid planting basil, bush beans, and snap peas too late, as these sensitive plants will only disappoint come frost season.
Soil that is too warm can also pose a problem early on. Certain plants are unable or are difficult to germinate in soil over 85 degrees F. In exceptionally warm climates, stay away from planting lettuce, snap peas and spinach until the soil can cool down a bit.
Helpful Tips for Summer Planting
*Pest control can be particularly bewildering in the summer time. See our guide to treating pest naturally.
*In very warm climates, utilize large plants and trees to provide some shade during peak sunlight hours.
*Do not allow seeds to dry out. Provide at least 1 inch of water, once a week. This will moisten the soil without overwatering. You may wish to water young seedlings more often.
*Warm, dry soil can form a layer of dry crust around young seedlings, interfering with germination. To prevent this, layer compost, mulch of moist potting soil over the seed row and continue watering to keep the soil moist.
***Friends, what are you planting now for a delicious, fall harvest?